Goal 16: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels

Every year, millions of individuals are deprived of basic human rights, safety, and access to justice. Conflict remains one of the largest threats to Sustainable Development, and, in 2018, forced over 70 milllion people to flee their homes, seeking refuge and asylum elsewhere. Here are some statistics from the U.N. related to Goal 16:

  • In 2019, the U.N. tracked over 350 assassinations and 30 disappearances of human right defenders, journalists, and trade unionists
  • Each year, 1 in 4 children worldwide are never officially recorded, depriving them proof of legal identity and access to social and legal protections
  • Every day 100 civilians are killed in armed conflicts
  • The global homicide rate has decreased from 6.8 to 5.8 of 100,000 people from 2000 to 2018. Latin America and the Caribbean and Sub-Saharan Africa account for roughly 70% of annual homicides
  • In 69 countries that were surveyed, 8 out of 10 children, aged 1 to 14 years, were subject to some form of psychological aggression or physical punishment in the previous month
  • In more than 1 out of 4 countries (out of the 45 countries surveyed), at least 5% of women, aged 18 to 29 years, reported sexual violence in childhood
  • 50% of the world’s children experience violence every year. 1 in 10 children experience sexual abuse before the age of 18. 9 out of 10 children live in countries where corporal punishment is not fully prohibited
  • The prevalence of bribery when accessing public services is just 3.7% in high income countries. In low income countries, it’s over 22%
  • For more statistics related to Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions, please see the Goal 16 Progress site here

Goal 16 Targets:

  • 16.1 Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere
  • 16.2 End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children
  • 16.3 Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all
  • 16.4 By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime
  • 16.5 Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms
  • 16.6 Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels
  • 16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels
  • 16.8 Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance
  • 16.9 By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration
  • 16.10 Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements
  • 16.A Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime
  • 16.B Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development

This Month’s Challenge:

In May 2021, we are sharing more datasets thanks to our friends at the Centre for Humanitarian Data.  Links to a number of datasets from the Humanitarian Data Exchange related to Goal 16 can be found on our data.world site here.  And as always, we are sharing Goal related data from the U.N.’s Sustainable Development Goal Database, with regional data on all of the targets listed above.

If you would like participate, you can use data from any source, but the overall goal is to focus your analysis on some of the topics mentioned in the Targets section above.  If you come across other interesting datasets, please let us know so we can add them to our data.world project.  The deadline for submission will be May 31, 2021. Make sure to tag us in your submission, add the #TheSDGVizProject hashtag, and add your submission to #TheSDGVizProject tracker.

As we mentioned on our Home page, building a viz is not the only way to participate.  Our main goal is to spread awareness, so if you see a viz with #TheSDGVizProject, please share it.  And keep an eye out for a post at the end of the month with ways that you can contribute to this month’s goal.


Centre for Humanitarian Data

Humanitarian Data Exchange (HDX)

Global SDG Indicators Database

Goal 16 Progress

Goal 16 Info